Python List Data Type
 

Python List Data Type

 

The list data type is exclusively used in Python. You can use this to store multiple values in a single variable. This data type is very similar to array in c/ c++ but instead of holding a single type, simultaneously it can hold multiple different types of value such as number, string, float, etc.

In this article, you will learn Python list data type and operations that can be performed on it with some examples.

Examples of Python list

The examples of Python list are given below –

# The list x contains only numbers
x = [1, 2, 3 , 4, 5 ]
# The given list y contains only strings
y = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e']
# The list z contains mix of numbers and string
z= [1, 2, "abc",4, 'Hi']
# You can also use list inside a list
list_2d= [[3, 2, 1], [6, 5, 4], [9, 8, 7]]

List items

The items of a list are ordered and changeable it allows duplicate values. Python allows indexing of list items i.e. the first item has an index 0 similarly second has index 1 and so on.

You can also use negative indexing the last item of the list has an index -1 similarly second the last item has -2 and so on.

Display the list

You can use the print function to print a list in Python.

Accessing list items using index

You can access items of a list using indices. Now see the example below.

x=[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
print(x[0])
print(x[1])
print(x[-1])

Now you can see the output of this program in the given image –

Changing an existing list item

If you want to change an item of a list simply assign a new value at that index for example –

x=[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

To replace the item at index 2 with value ‘three’ use –

x[2] = 'three'

Now you can display the list using –

print(x)

See the output in the image below –

Adding data to a list

There are a few methods available that can be used to add items to a list.

For example –

Lets we have the given list –

fruits=['mango', 'banana', 'grapes']

Adding list item with append() method

The append() method will add the item at the end of the list. To add ‘apple’ to the list named fruits we will use the following statement.

fruits.append('apple')

To see the updated list item use the print function-

print(fruits)

Adding list items with insert() method

The insert method takes two arguments i.e. index and object. The index indicates where the item is to be inserted. For example to add another item ‘orange’ at the index 1 use –

fruits.insert(1, 'orange')

Now you can see the complete program which shows the usage of append and insert methods-

Concatenating two lists

To concatenate two or more lists you can use the + operator. Suppose we have two lists i.e. fruit1 and fruit2 as given below –

fruit1 =['mango', 'banana']
fruit2=['papaya', 'orange' ]
# Concatenate two lists
fruits=fruit1+fruit2
print(fruits)

You can see the output in the image below –

Deleting data of a list

There are a few methods that are used to delete the list items.

Delete list items with the item name

You can use the remove() method to delete list items with their name.

Suppose we have a list with the name fruits –

fruits=['mango', 'banana', 'grapes', 'orange']

To delete banana from fruits list use the remove method which is given below –

fruits.remove('banana')

If there are multiple items with the same name then it will remove the item which comes first.

Remove list items using index

Using the pop() method you can delete the items by their index now to delete the item at the index 2 in fruits list use –

fruits.pop(2)

If you do not pass the index then it will remove the last item from the list.

Alternatively, you can use Python del operator. For instance to delete the item at the index 2 use –

del fruits[2]

Delete all list items

By using the clear() method you can delete all the items of a list. For example to delete all the items of fruits list use –

fruits.clear()

Iterate over a list

Using in operator with for loop you can iterate over list items. By using len() function you can find the length of a list then you can use a loop that iterates from the index 0 to the length-1.

For example –

x=[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
for i in x:
     print(i)

OR use while loop, as given below, to iterate through the list

x=[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
i=0
while i < len(x):
     print(x[i])
     i=i+1

The given loops will print the items of list x.

Sorting the list items

The sort() method is used to sort list items in ascending order or alphanumerically by default. You can use the keyword reverse=True to sort the list in descending order.

For example-

fruits =['orange', 'apple', 'grapes', 'cherry']
numbers=[5, 3, 9, 6, 1, 0]
# Now to sort lists fruits and numbers use
fruits.sort()
numbers.sort()
print(fruits)
print(numbers)

# OR to sort these lists in reverse order use

fruits.sort(reverse=True)
numbers.sort(reverse=True)
print(fruits)
print(numbers)

You can see the output of this in the given image –

Python split and join methods

Python split() method converts a string to a list. For example –

str = " Hi, My name is Vinay, I am 22 years old "
x = str.split(',')
print(x)

This will split the comma-separated strings to list elements. You can see the output in the given image –

Python join() method is opposite to split() method. It converts a list to a string.

For example –

x =['Hi', 'My name is Vinay', 'I am 22 years old']
str = ','.join(x)
print (str)

This will join the elements of list x and assign it to string str. Now see the output in the given image.


Like the sort(), split(), join() methods there are so many other useful methods that you can use with a list. A detailed list of these methods is given here.

Now if you have a query on the Python list then write to us in the comments below.

Previous Scope of variables in Python
Next Python Tuple Data Type
 

About author

You might also like

Programming 0 Comments

Taking Input From Users In Python

Computer programs often need to interact with users to get some kind of data from them. Later this data is processed and output is displayed on the console. For example,

Python Programming 0 Comments

Best 7 Python IDEs And Code Editors

A code editor basically used to write and edit code it is usually lightweight and considered good for learning and small projects. Once you start writing code for larger applications

Python Programming 0 Comments

Python Iterator vs Iterable

In Python, you might come up with the terms like iterator, iterable, iteration, etc. This can be confusing for many of you especially for those who are beginners. So in

0 Comments

No Comments Yet!

You can be first to comment this post!

Leave a Reply