Introduction to AI

We always listen that AI is the future and the world is moving towards AI. But we do not know what is AI and why the world is moving towards it? What is the benefit of AI and what will happen when AI will take this world?

AI is the acronym for Artificial Intelligence. This means humans have the natural intelligence but we are creating a model or a machine which has the intelligence as of human and humans will not do any task. Rather machines or models will be doing all the tasks.

Turing’s paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” (1950), and its subsequent Turing Test, established the fundamental goal and vision of artificial intelligence.

At its core, AI is the branch of computer science that aims to answer Turing’s question in the affirmative. It is the endeavor to replicate or simulate human intelligence in machines.

There are many debates about AI and in all the time. We get the answer that AI is ‘building machines that are intelligent’. Artificial intelligence is based on the principle that human intelligence can be defined in a way that a machine can easily mimic and execute tasks, from the most simple to those that are even more complex.

In their groundbreaking textbook Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, authors Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig approach the question by unifying their work around the theme of intelligent agents in machines. With this in mind, AI is “the study of agents that receive percepts from the environment and perform actions.” (Russel and Norvig viii)

Norvig and Russell go on to explore four different approaches that have historically defined the field of AI:

  1. Thinking humanly
  2. Thinking rationally
  3. Acting humanly 
  4. Acting rationally

The first two ideas concern thought processes and reasoning, while the others deal with behavior.

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